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Connecting the Dots: A Knowledgeable Path Generator for Commonsense Question Answering

Peifeng Wang, Nanyun Peng, Filip Ilievski, Pedro Szekely, and Xiang Ren, in the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)-Findings, 2020.

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Abstract

Commonsense question answering (QA) requires background knowledge which is not explicitly stated in a given context. Prior works use commonsense knowledge graphs (KGs) to obtain this knowledge for reasoning. However, relying entirely on these KGs may not suffice, considering their limited coverage and the contextual dependence of their knowledge. In this paper, we augment a general commonsense QA framework with a knowledgeable path generator. By extrapolating over existing paths in a KG with a state-of-the-art language model, our generator learns to connect a pair of entities in text with a dynamic, and potentially novel, multi-hop relational path. Such paths can provide structured evidence for solving commonsense questions without fine-tuning the path generator. Experiments on two datasets show the superiority of our method over previous works which fully rely on knowledge from KGs (with up to 6% improvement in accuracy), across various amounts of training data. Further evaluation suggests that the generated paths are typically interpretable, novel, and relevant to the task.


Bib Entry

@inproceedings{wang2020connecting,
  title = {Connecting the Dots: A Knowledgeable Path Generator for Commonsense Question Answering},
  author = {Wang, Peifeng and Peng, Nanyun and Ilievski, Filip and Szekely, Pedro and Ren, Xiang},
  booktitle = {the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)-Findings},
  pages = {4129--4140},
  year = {2020}
}

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